In the 2008 Current Population Survey, immigrants represented 16 percent of the United States workforce with a bachelor's education. Moreover, immigrants accounted for 29 percent of the growth in this workforce during the 1995-2008 period. Exceeding these strong overall contributions, the role of immigrants within science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields is even more pronounced. Even so, the importance of the global migration of STEM talent has been under-studied. In this paper, "U.S.
Immigrant Entrepreneurship: The Role of Formal Corporate Governance Arrangement and Social Capital in Community and Family
The authors of this paper empirically test the relation between immigrants' venture creation decisions and governance mechanism under a unified framework of governance in both sociology and finance. They find that corporate governance arrangements are more valued by entrepreneurs with better education attainment and higher household income such as immigrant entrepreneurs. This type of entrepreneur tends to be more reluctant to create a venture due to the high opportunity costs.
Hispanic Businesses and Entrepreneurs Drive Growth in the New Econom by Geoscape, a demographics data company, and the U.S. Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, offers findings on the growth and impact of Hispanic entrepreneurs and the businesses they create through rigorous analysis of public data resources such as Census data as well as proprietary data resources and economic modeling from Geoscape. It projects there will be nearly 3.2 million Hispanic-owned businesses in the U.S. in 2013, up from nearly 1.7 million in 2002.
Immigration and the Revival of American Cities: From Preserving Manufacturing Jobs to Strengthening the Housing Market
A new report from the Americas Society/Council of the Americas and Partnership for a New American Economy report looks at how immigration helps revitalize communities across the United States through the creation or preservation of manufacturing jobs, the increase in housing wealth, and heightened civic engagement. The data show that immigrants play an outsize role in the preservation or creation of U.S. jobs—an important measure of community vitality—and make a particularly important impact on the manufacturing sector.
Immigrant Entrepreneurs Creating Jobs and Strengthening the U.S. Economy in Growing Industries: Transportation, Food and Building Services with a Regional View of Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania and a Focus on the Green Economy
Economic Progress via Legalization: Lessons from the Last Legalization Program looks at the economic outcomes for beneficiaries of the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986.
Mexican Migration to the United States: Policy and Trends (click to view)
Critical Assets: The State of Immigrants in Virginia's Economy
Immigrants in Virginia are well educated, more prosperous than their counterparts nationally and more likely to be business owners than native-born Virginians, finds this study by The Commonwealth Institute for Fiscal Analysis.