Limited English Proficient Individuals in the United States: Number, Share, Growth and Lniguistic Diversity

Report Author: 
Chhandasi Pandya, Jeanne Batalova and Margue McHugh
Original Date of Publication: 
2011 Dec

The number of U.S. residents who are deemed to be Limited English Proficient (LEP) has increased substantially in recent decades consistent with the growth of the U.S. foreign-born population. With LEP individuals now representing nine percent of the U.S. population, an increasing number of states and localities must grapple with issues of communication and English language learning. This data brief offers the most up-to-date analysis on the number, share, growth and linguistic diversity of LEP individuals in the United States from 1990 to 2010 at the national, state and metropolitan-area levels with maps and detailed state-level data.

Citation: 

Pandya, C., Batalova, J. and McHugh, M. (2011). "Limited English Proficient Individuals in the United States: Number, Share, Growth and Linguistic Diversity." Migration Policy Institute: Washington, D.C.