Demographics

Does Migration Increase Happiness? It Depends

Report Author: 
Martijn Hendriks
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jun

"Does Migration Increase Happiness? It Depends" reviews available evidence from the social science literature on the effects of migration on the happiness of both migrants and native-born residents in immigrant-receiving countries, with special attention to the 2018 World Happiness Report published by the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network. Researchers determine Happiness levels in two ways: affectively using mood questions, and cognitively using questions to determine overall satisfaction with life.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Chilling Effects: The Expected Public Charge Rule and Its Impact on Legal Immigrant Families’ Public Benefits Use

Report Author: 
Jeanne Batalova, Michael Fix, & Mark Greenberg
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jun

The Trump Administration is currently writing a regulation that will completely change the way the government determines whether an immigrant (or an immigrant's sponsor) is "likely to become a public charge" by greatly expanding the list of public benefits, the use of which will make immigrants inadmissible (and possibly deportable).

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

A Profile of Immigrants from Travel Ban-Affected Countries in the United States

Report Author: 
Mohammad Ismail Nooraddini
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

A Profile of Immigrants from Travel Ban-Affected Countries in the United States looks at the geographic distribution and characteristics of the approximately 800,000 immigrants already living in the United States from seven of the countries covered by the travel ban imposed by the Trump administration on September 25, 2017:  Iran, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Syria, Venezuela, and Yemen. 

Source Organization: 
The Institute for Immigration Research

How the Trump Administration’s Plan Would Shape the Composition of Immigration: First Numerical Estimates

Report Author: 
Michael Clemens & Jimmy Graham
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

The Trump Administration proposals for cuts to legal immigration are embodied in the Securing America’s Future Act of 2018 (H.R. 4760), filed in the U.S. House of Representatives in January, 2018. According to estimates in this report, the bill, if enacted, would substantially change the racial, religious and educational characteristics of new U.S. immigrants. The New Immigrant Survey, conducted in 2003, permits analysis of H.R. 4760’s potential impact on new immigrants’ characteristics.

Source Organization: 
Other

Bringing Evidence to the Refugee Integration Debate

Report Author: 
Hamutal Bernstein with Nicole DuBois
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

Bringing Evidence to the Refugee Integration Debate provides a summary of "the prodigious research evidence about refugees in the US." The authors seek to ground policymaking in the existing research base (focusing on five major studies produced in recent years), as well as to identify gaps in research that should be addressed in the future. Overall, the existing studies show that labor force participation rates for refugees rise over time (often exceeding native-born rates), while their income levels also rise and their use of public benefits declines.

Source Organization: 
American Federation of Teachers

Criminal Immigrants in Texas: Illegal Immigrant Convictions and Arrest Rates for Homicide, Sexual Assault, Larceny, and Other Crimes

Report Author: 
Alex Nowrasteh
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

There is a widespread belief, propagated by the Trump administration, that when undocumented immigrants enter the United States, they significantly increase crime rates. However, undocumented immigrants are less likely than the U.S.-born to be arrested or charged for most crimes, according to this report by Alex Nowrasteh at the Cato Institute. Using 2015 data from the Texas Department of Public Safety, Nowrasteh compares arrest and conviction rates in Texas for undocumented immigrants, legal immigrants, and native-born Americans.

Source Organization: 
Other

Dominican Immigrants in the United States

Report Author: 
Jie Zong & Jeanne Batalova
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

This "Spotlight" report details the major demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of Dominican immigrants in the U.S. based on census and Department of Homeland Security data. Among data points covered in the report are: educational attainment, labor force participation, income and poverty levels, immigration pathways and naturalization rates, health coverage, and remittance levels.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

The Changing Family Structure of American Children with Unauthorized Parents

Report Author: 
Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Esther Arenas-Arroyo
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

During the period from 2009 to 2013, the U.S. carried out 1.8 million deportations, most of them involving fathers and heads of households. This paper examines the impact of these deportations on U.S.-born children, specifically the likelihood that they are now living in single-parent households or with friends or other family members. The authors cite literature showing that the absence of a parent increases school drop-out rates, raises teen pregnancy rates, and limits future earnings.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Dating out is intercultural: Experience and perceived parent disapproval by ethnicity and immigrant generation

Report Author: 
Sharon Shenhav, Belinda Campos and Wendy A. Goldberg
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Apr

While differences of opinion regarding dating often leads to conflict between parents and children, romantic relationships between individuals from different cultural groups (intercultural relationships) may be particularly fraught. Older generations are typically less approving of intercultural relationships than younger individuals. These intergenerational conflicts may be exacerbated in immigrant families, as intergroup relationships may be viewed as a threat to maintaining cultural traditions and ethnic identity.

Source Organization: 
Other

Parental perspectives on parent-child conflict and acculturation in Iranian immigrants in California

Report Author: 
Elmira Jannati and Stuart Allen
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

Acculturation--defined as "moving toward a (new) culture"--is a process that can impact many aspects of life for immigrants and their families. Older and younger immigrant generations may not engage to the same extent with the host culture in their new country. These acculturation gaps are often evident when examining relationships between immigrant parents and their children.

Source Organization: 
Other

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