Human Services

Refugees, Rights, and Responsibilities: Bridging the Integration Gap

Report Author: 
Megan J. Ballard
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Sep

The author of this paper makes two important arguments: first, that the U.S. refugee resettlement program has operated under an early employment goal that "undermines" the goal of successful integration; and second, that private sector actors can help to overcome this deficiency, in part through a workshop program piloted in Spokane, WashingtonThe author considers refugee integration to be a multi-dimensional process involving 10 different domains (a theoretical model borrowed from two British scholars: Aliastair Ager and Alison Strang). Despite a mandate from the U.N.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Foreign-Trained Doctors are Critical to Serving Many U.S. Communities

Report Author: 
American Immigration Council,
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Foreign-trained doctors in the United States play an indispensable role in providing health care to undeserved communities and fill health care shortages that impact millions of Americans. One-quarter of all practicing physicians in the U.S., around 247,000 doctors, are foreign-trained and therefore likely to be foreign-born. This report examines foreign-trained doctors and the socio-demographic characteristics of the Primary Care Service Areas (PCSAs) where they serve. Data was obtained from the American Medical Association (AMA), the U.S.

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Evaluation activities and influences at the intersection of medical and social services

Report Author: 
Gottlieb, L., Ackerman. S., Wing, H., & Adler, N.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Aug

Social determinants of health (SDH) have long influenced health-care based strategies; however, there has been little to no research regarding the impacts these SDH focused interventions have in clinical settings. In order to better understand this arena, a study comprised of 30 interviews with researchers was conducted, in order to uncover inside details regarding agencies bridging health and social service delivery. This study points out a clear lack of research on interventions which focus on the impact that programs which integrate social and medical care delivery can have on clients.

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Other

Addressing behavioral health disparities for Somali immigrants through group cognitive behavioral therapy led by community health workers

Report Author: 
Pratt, R., Ahmed, M., Noor, S., Sharif, H., Raymond, N., & Williams, C
Original Date of Publication: 
2015 Dec

Community health workers have the potential to be utilized in a wide range of contexts, including to reduce mental health disparities among immigrant and refugee communities. This study examined the mental health outcomes for a group of Somali women in Minnesota, who come from a community where Western mental health services are often viewed as "a last resort". The women participated in a group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention delivered by trained Somali women community health workers.

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Other

Effective strategies for Affordable Care Act enrollment in immigrant-serving safety net clinics in New Mexico

Report Author: 
Getrich, C., García, J., Solares, A., & Kano, M.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has been widely viewed as a mechanism for reducing health disparities through expanding insurance coverage and thus healthcare access. However, the ACA distinguishes between lawfully present and unauthorized immigrants, with the latter being excluded from the ACA's insurance enrollment options. This study interviewed healthcare providers at safety net clinics (including community health centers) in New Mexico, one of the country's poorest states whose population is also 47.7% Hispanic (many of whom are immigrants).

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Other

The healthcare needs of Latinos with serious mental illness and the potential of peer navigators

Report Author: 
Corrigan, P., Torres, W., Lara, A., Sheehan, J., & Larson, L
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jul

The healthcare needs of Latinxs with severe mental illness, barriers to accessing care, potential solutions to those barriers and the possibility that peer navigators might be able to fill the gap were addressed by this study. Through a community-based participatory research (CBPR) model in which Latinxs with a lived experience of severe mental illness were involved at all stages of the process, focus groups and interviews were conducted with members of several Latinx communities in Chicago.

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Health care service utilization of documented and undocumented hired farmworkers in the U.S.

Report Author: 
Luo, T., & Escalante, C.L.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Access to healthcare is a major concern for documented and undocumented immigrant farmworkers.  According to Luo and Escalante (2017), immigrants constitute over half of the U.S. agriculture sector, but are significantly less likely to seek health care services than other farmworkers. Furthermore, the authors' research revealed that undocumented farmworkers are 10.7% less likely to seek health care services than migrant workers with a legal immigration status.

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Other

Differential patterns of healthcare service use among Chinese and Korean immigrant elders.

Report Author: 
Kang, S.Y., Kim, I., & Kim, W.
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Dec

Limited research has analyzed healthcare utilization of Asian immigrant elders who live in geographic areas without supportive ethnic communities. To address this gap in literature, Kang, Kim, and Kim examined the predisposing, enabling and need factor correlates affecting healthcare service use of Chinese and Korean elders in Arizona. For both subgroups, familial support of the elder is an important factor in increasing elders' healthcare utilization, whereas intergenerational differences may impact elders' healthcare usage.

Source Organization: 
Other

Immigration policies and mental health morbidity among Latinos: A state-level analysis

Report Author: 
Hatzenbuehler, M.L., Prins, S.J., Flake, M., Philbin, M., Frazer, M.S., Hagen, D., & Hirsch, J.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Feb

Social workers understand the importance of analyzing their client in the context of their environment. Macro structures (e.g. policy) have a direct impact on the mental health disparities and vulnerabilities of Latino populations. According to research by Hatzenbuehler et al. (2017), Latinos living in environments with exclusionary immigration policies and climates have significantly higher rates of poor mental health days than Latinos in less exclusionary environments.

Source Organization: 
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Deconstructing the legal process for the immigrant population in the United States: Ethical implications for mental health professionals

Report Author: 
Florence J. Lewis, Song E. Paik and Chi-Fang Tseng
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

Understanding immigration legal processes is a necessary skill that many mental health professionals working with immigrant clients lack. Florence, Paik, and Tseng (2017) offer a brief introduction to the legal processes and types of immigration aid available to clients, while addressing the strengths and stressors involved so mental health professionals can competently treat immigrant clients. The article discusses obstacles and eligibility requirements that may prevent immigrant clients from obtaining visas or immigration relief (e.g. limited financial means).

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