Human Services

Sufficiently safeguarded?: Competency evaluations of mentally ill respondents in removal proceedings

Report Author: 
Sarah Sherman-Stokes
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 May

The outcomes of civil immigration cases, such as removal proceedings and asylum, have serious implications for migrants. The complex and confusing systems, processes, and practices of immigration court are compounded for immigrants who are incompetent or have mental illnesses. Therefore, immigrants deemed mentally incompetent are sometimes given court appointed legal counsel or guardians, but not assistance from mental health professionals.

Source Organization: 
Other

Defending criminal(ized) aliens after Padilla: Toward a more holistic public immigration defense in the era of crimmigration

Report Author: 
Andres Dae Keun Kwon
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 May

In 2010 under Padilla v. Kentucky, the Supreme Court issued that criminal defense attorneys, including public defenders, must advise their clients about the potential immigration implications of their criminal case. In response, many legal firms began hiring immigration experts to supplement their legal team. In 1997, the trailblazing Bronx Defenders (BxD), a legal firm offering free legal counsel, adopted a holistic approach to legal services.

Source Organization: 
Other

Coming to America

Report Author: 
Ann Morse
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

Despite the prominence of immigration in the national political discourse, there has been little federal legislative action on immigration, and Americans know surprisingly little about immigrants and the U.S. immigration system.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

What We Know and Need to Know About Immigrant Access to Justice

Report Author: 
Ellinor R. Jordan
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Oct

This article begins by presenting a review of research on the impact of legal representation in removal cases. A consistent finding is that the amount and quality of representation play a marked role in the outcome of hearings. Litigants without representation or with poor representation are much more likely to be removed and moreover, to not fully understand the implications of pleas and agreements they may make. The author suggests that in addition to poor outcomes for litigants, this situation reduces the overall efficiency of the justice system.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Beyond Teaching English: Supporting High School Completion by Immigrant and Refugee Students

Report Author: 
Julie Sugarman
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

This report examines the ways in which selected school districts across the United States are providing services for immigrant and refugee students who are high school aged, particularly those entering school with limited formal education in their country of origin. Based on research and feedback from schools participating in the Learning Network for Newcomer Youth Success, the author focuses on a few key points.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Expanding the Dream: Engaging Immigrant Youth and Adults in Post-Secondary and Adult Education

Report Author: 
Duy Pham and Wendy Cervantes
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

The authors of this brief argue that while the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program (DACA) has had a positive impact both on the lives of the undocumented immigrants who signed up for it and on the country as a whole, it is not enough, and an updated DREAM act should be passed that provides a lasting reform of the nation's immigration laws.

Source Organization: 
Other

Child Care Choices of Low-Income, Immigrant Families with Young Children: Findings from the National Survey of Early Care and Education

Report Author: 
Heather Sandstrom & Julia Gelatt
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Immigrants' use of early childhood care and education has been the topic of numerous studies, but what factors drive immigrant caregivers' use of these services? In this report, the authors use National Survey of Early Care and Education data to explore child-care decisions of immigrant and U.S.-born families. Noting that the most salient differences are not always between immigrant and non-immigrant parents, the authors emphasize the distinction between children of recent immigrants with low English proficiency (LEP) and children of U.S.

Source Organization: 
The Urban Institute

Living in an Immigrant Family in America: How Fear and Toxic Stress are affecting Daily Life, Well-Being, & Health

Report Author: 
Samantha Artiga & Petry Ubri
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

According to this report, immigrant families from various backgrounds are living with increased fear and uncertainty due to the current political climate. The election of Donald Trump has led to policies that increase immigration enforcement and restrict the entry of immigrants from selected countries. These policies can potentially impact 23 million non-citizens who live in the United States, as well as 12 million children who are predominantly U.S.-born.

Source Organization: 
Other

Extending Temporary Protected Status for Honduras: Country Conditions and U.S. Legal Requirements

Report Author: 
Jayesh Rathod et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Following Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which displaced thousands of people and severely damaged physical infrastructure and socio-economic stability in Honduras and Nicaragua, the U.S. Congress granted Temporary Protected Status (TPS) to Hondurans and Nicaraguans in the U.S. TPS provides relief to foreign nationals who are unable to return to their home countries due to natural disaster, economic instability or violence. This report details the current conditions in Honduras.

Source Organization: 
Other

Evaluation of the New York Immigrant Family Unity Project: Assessing the Impact of Legal Representation on Family and Community Unity

Report Author: 
Jennifer Stave et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

The right to be represented by legal counsel is a fundamental right guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution, but not for immigrants in deportation proceedings. Two-thirds of detained immigrants face such proceedings without an attorney, and pay a price as a result. Unrepresented immigrants at the Varick Street Immigration Court in New York, for example, stand only a four percent chance of remaining in the country.

Source Organization: 
Other

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