Workforce/Labor

Welcome to Work? Legal Migration Pathways for Low-Skilled Workers

Report Author: 
Kathleen Newland & Andrea Riester
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

This brief explores the international migration opportunities available to low-skilled workers, the constraints on their movement and the development impacts of these patterns. Permanent admissions programs for low-skilled labor are rare. However, a number of trends in Western industrialized countries have combined to create high demand for low-skilled workers to fill temporary and longer-term jobs. Some of this demand may be met indirectly, through family reunification or humanitarian admissions, but currently most programs for the admission of low-skilled workers are temporary programs.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Delivering through Diversity

Report Author: 
Vivian Hunt et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Companies with diverse members in leadership positions are more than 20 percent likely to outperform on profitability and have superior value creation. Delivering through Diversity from McKinsey & Company discusses the relationship between diversity and business success and describes the inclusion and diversity (I&D) initiatives that seem to accelerate business performance.

Source Organization: 
Other

New Americans in San Diego

Report Author: 
New American Economy
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

The immigrant population in San Diego County (CA), after growing 8.5 percent between 2011 and 2016, now constitutes 24.1 percent of the County's population. The fact sheet from New American Economy offers demographic, economic, education, housing, and immigration status data on immigrants in the County, as well as two profiles of local immigrant entrepreneurs. Using an analysis of government data including the 2011 and 2016 American Community Surveys and datasets from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and U.S.

Source Organization: 
Other

Refugees, Rights, and Responsibilities: Bridging the Integration Gap

Report Author: 
Megan J. Ballard
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Sep

The author of this paper makes two important arguments: first, that the U.S. refugee resettlement program has operated under an early employment goal that "undermines" the goal of successful integration; and second, that private sector actors can help to overcome this deficiency, in part through a workshop program piloted in Spokane, WashingtonThe author considers refugee integration to be a multi-dimensional process involving 10 different domains (a theoretical model borrowed from two British scholars: Aliastair Ager and Alison Strang).

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Career Pathways in Nursing: Using Your Foreign Education in the United States,

Report Author: 
World Education Services
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

Designed for foreign-trained nurses interested in reestablishing their careers in a new country, this guide provides practical advice on how to traverse the career landscape in the United States. After reviewing the requirements for licensure as a nurse in the United States, including procedures for credential evaluation and options for supplemental education, the guide also suggests the possibility of alternate careers in healthcare, either as a stepping-stone into nursing later on or as a permanent career choice.

Source Organization: 
Other

Foreign-Trained Doctors are Critical to Serving Many U.S. Communities,

Report Author: 
American Immigration Council,
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Foreign-trained doctors in the United States play an indispensable role in providing health care to undeserved communities and fill health care shortages that impact millions of Americans. One-quarter of all practicing physicians in the U.S., around 247,000 doctors, are foreign-trained and therefore likely to be foreign-born. This report examines foreign-trained doctors and the socio-demographic characteristics of the Primary Care Service Areas (PCSAs) where they serve. Data was obtained from the American Medical Association (AMA), the U.S.

Source Organization: 
Other

Do Human Capital Decisions Respond to the Returns to Education? Evidence from DACA

Report Author: 
Elira Kuka et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

This paper suggests that the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program had a significant impact on young undocumented immigrants' decision-making. The paper highlights increases in high school attendance and high school graduation rates, increased pursuit of postsecondary education, and greater workforce participation by those pursuing education, as well as decreased teen fertility rates. The study draws on data from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, the Youth Risk Behavior Factor Surveillance Survey, and a California Department of Education dataset.

Source Organization: 
Other

Effective strategies for Affordable Care Act enrollment in immigrant-serving safety net clinics in New Mexico

Report Author: 
Getrich, C., García, J., Solares, A., & Kano, M.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has been widely viewed as a mechanism for reducing health disparities through expanding insurance coverage and thus healthcare access. However, the ACA distinguishes between lawfully present and unauthorized immigrants, with the latter being excluded from the ACA's insurance enrollment options. This study interviewed healthcare providers at safety net clinics (including community health centers) in New Mexico, one of the country's poorest states whose population is also 47.7% Hispanic (many of whom are immigrants).

Source Organization: 
Other

Health care service utilization of documented and undocumented hired farmworkers in the U.S.

Report Author: 
Luo, T., & Escalante, C.L.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Access to healthcare is a major concern for documented and undocumented immigrant farmworkers.  According to Luo and Escalante (2017), immigrants constitute over half of the U.S. agriculture sector, but are significantly less likely to seek health care services than other farmworkers. Furthermore, the authors' research revealed that undocumented farmworkers are 10.7% less likely to seek health care services than migrant workers with a legal immigration status.

Source Organization: 
Other

Middle Eastern and North African Immigrants in the United States

Report Author: 
Mattea Cumoletti and Jeanne Batalova
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

This report updates a 2015 MPI profile of Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) immigrants. These immigrants now represent 3 percent of the approximately 44 million immigrants in the U.S. The report discusses the socioeconomic characteristics of the MENA population as gleaned from census and other data. Each data point is compared with the immigrant population in general and the native-born population. For example, in 2016, 43 percent of MENA immigrants (ages 25 and above) had a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 30 percent of all immigrants and 32 percent of native-born adults.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute
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