National

Welcome to Work? Legal Migration Pathways for Low-Skilled Workers

Report Author: 
Kathleen Newland & Andrea Riester
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

This brief explores the international migration opportunities available to low-skilled workers, the constraints on their movement and the development impacts of these patterns. Permanent admissions programs for low-skilled labor are rare. However, a number of trends in Western industrialized countries have combined to create high demand for low-skilled workers to fill temporary and longer-term jobs. Some of this demand may be met indirectly, through family reunification or humanitarian admissions, but currently most programs for the admission of low-skilled workers are temporary programs.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Delivering through Diversity

Report Author: 
Vivian Hunt et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Companies with diverse members in leadership positions are more than 20 percent likely to outperform on profitability and have superior value creation. Delivering through Diversity from McKinsey & Company discusses the relationship between diversity and business success and describes the inclusion and diversity (I&D) initiatives that seem to accelerate business performance.

Source Organization: 
Other

In the Age of Trump: Populist Backlash and Progressive Resistance Create Divergent State Immigrant Integration Contexts,

Report Author: 
Margie McHugh
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

The paper takes a look at how policy changes being made by the Trump administration and the Republican Congress - and resistance to those changes - are affecting immigrant integration in several arenas. The author also examines the likely consequences of other proposed changes in immigration policy. As the administration seeks to draw local law enforcement into its efforts to deport more immigrants, some states and localities have eagerly complied, but many of the nation's largest cities - and even some states - have vigorously resisted.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Refugees, Rights, and Responsibilities: Bridging the Integration Gap

Report Author: 
Megan J. Ballard
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Sep

The author of this paper makes two important arguments: first, that the U.S. refugee resettlement program has operated under an early employment goal that "undermines" the goal of successful integration; and second, that private sector actors can help to overcome this deficiency, in part through a workshop program piloted in Spokane, WashingtonThe author considers refugee integration to be a multi-dimensional process involving 10 different domains (a theoretical model borrowed from two British scholars: Aliastair Ager and Alison Strang).

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Muslim-American Involvement with Violent Extremism

Report Author: 
Charles Kurzman
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

This is the latest annual report on Muslim-American terrorism suspects and perpetrators produced by the Triangle Center on Terrorism and Homeland Security. The report presents quantitative information about incidences of violent acts committed by Muslim-American extremists and then places those numbers within the larger context of violent crime in the United States. For example, the author notes that Muslim-American extremists have caused 140 fatalities since 9/11, but in that same period of time there have been 260,000 murders.

Source Organization: 
Duke University

Hispanic Identity Fades Across Generations as Immigrant Connections Fall Away

Report Author: 
Mark Hugo Lopez, et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

While there are 42.7 million adults in the United States with Hispanic ancestry, 11 percent do not identify as Hispanic. This number is expected to increase due to a long-standing high intermarriage rate and a decade of decreasing immigration from Latin America. In the report Hispanic Identity Fades Across Generations as Immigrant Connections Fall, the authors examine the experiences and self-identity of U.S. adults with Hispanic heritage.

Source Organization: 
Other

Career Pathways in Nursing: Using Your Foreign Education in the United States,

Report Author: 
World Education Services
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

Designed for foreign-trained nurses interested in reestablishing their careers in a new country, this guide provides practical advice on how to traverse the career landscape in the United States. After reviewing the requirements for licensure as a nurse in the United States, including procedures for credential evaluation and options for supplemental education, the guide also suggests the possibility of alternate careers in healthcare, either as a stepping-stone into nursing later on or as a permanent career choice.

Source Organization: 
Other

Foreign-Trained Doctors are Critical to Serving Many U.S. Communities,

Report Author: 
American Immigration Council,
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Foreign-trained doctors in the United States play an indispensable role in providing health care to undeserved communities and fill health care shortages that impact millions of Americans. One-quarter of all practicing physicians in the U.S., around 247,000 doctors, are foreign-trained and therefore likely to be foreign-born. This report examines foreign-trained doctors and the socio-demographic characteristics of the Primary Care Service Areas (PCSAs) where they serve. Data was obtained from the American Medical Association (AMA), the U.S.

Source Organization: 
Other

Do Human Capital Decisions Respond to the Returns to Education? Evidence from DACA

Report Author: 
Elira Kuka et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

This paper suggests that the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program had a significant impact on young undocumented immigrants' decision-making. The paper highlights increases in high school attendance and high school graduation rates, increased pursuit of postsecondary education, and greater workforce participation by those pursuing education, as well as decreased teen fertility rates. The study draws on data from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, the Youth Risk Behavior Factor Surveillance Survey, and a California Department of Education dataset.

Source Organization: 
Other

Municipal Suffrage, Sanctuary Cities, and the Contested Meaning of Citizenship

Report Author: 
Kenneth Stahl
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Adapted from his forthcoming book, The Democratic City: Local Citizenship in the Time of Globalization, this blog post by Kenneth Stahl examines how differing rules regarding suffrage at the local and federal level suggest the existence of different models of citizenship. For example, while San Francisco, Chicago and a few municipalities in Maryland grant non-citizens the right to vote in certain local elections, these individuals are barred from voting in state and federal elections.

Source Organization: 
Other
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