Research

U.S. High-Skilled Immigration, Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Approaches and Evidence

Report Author: 
William R. Kerr
Original Date of Publication: 
2013 Aug

In the 2008 Current Population Survey, immigrants represented 16 percent of the United States workforce with a bachelor's education. Moreover, immigrants accounted for 29 percent of the growth in this workforce during the 1995-2008 period. Exceeding these strong overall contributions, the role of immigrants within science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields is even more pronounced. Even so, the importance of the global migration of STEM talent has been under-studied. In this paper, "U.S.

Immigrant Entrepreneurship: The Role of Formal Corporate Governance Arrangement and Social Capital in Community and Family

Report Author: 
Lei Xu and Wei Du
Original Date of Publication: 
2013 Sep

The authors of this paper empirically test the relation between immigrants' venture creation decisions and governance mechanism under a unified framework of governance in both sociology and finance. They find that corporate governance arrangements are more valued by entrepreneurs with better education attainment and higher household income such as immigrant entrepreneurs. This type of entrepreneur tends to be more reluctant to create a venture due to the high opportunity costs.

Immigration Reform and the Possibility of Black-Brown Coalitions among America's Youth

Report Author: 
Jon C. Rogowski
Original Date of Publication: 
2013 Sep

Young people in the U.S. — particularly young people of color — are supportive of comprehensive immigration reform according to this survey from the Chicago-based Black Youth Project. But while young people of color were generally supportive of immigration reform they often had varying ideas of how immigration is changing the country's landscape. In an online survey that was conducted in both English and Spanish among 1,500 respondents between 18 and 29, the possibilities and challenges of building Black-Brown political alliances were made clear. The study's key findings include:

Comprehensive Immigration Reform Will Benefit American Workers

Report Author: 
Adriana Kugler and Patrick Oakford
Original Date of Publication: 
2013 Sep

This issue brief, "Comprehensive Immigration Reform Will Benefit American Workers," reviews the current state of the U.S. immigration system and explains how a "broken" system undermines immigrants' employment rights and subsequently harms American workers. Specifically, it looks at immigration enforcement in the workplace, how the system hurts immigrants' employment protections and how immigrants' lack of employment protections hurts all American workers.

Hispanic Businesses and Entrepreneurs Drive Growth in the New Economy

Report Author: 
Geoscape and the U.S. Hispanic Chamber of Commerce
Original Date of Publication: 
2013 Sep

Hispanic Businesses and Entrepreneurs Drive Growth in the New Econom by Geoscape, a demographics data company, and the U.S. Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, offers findings on the growth and impact of Hispanic entrepreneurs and the businesses they create through rigorous analysis of public data resources such as Census data as well as proprietary data resources and economic modeling from Geoscape. It projects there will be nearly 3.2 million Hispanic-owned businesses in the U.S. in 2013, up from nearly 1.7 million in 2002.

Immigration and the Revival of American Cities: From Preserving Manufacturing Jobs to Strengthening the Housing Market

Report Author: 
Jacob L. Vigdor, Gretchen Calcagni and Mayuri Valvekhar
Original Date of Publication: 
2013 Sep

A new report from the Americas Society/Council of the Americas and Partnership for a New American Economy report looks at how immigration helps revitalize communities across the United States through the creation or preservation of manufacturing jobs, the increase in housing wealth, and heightened civic engagement. The data show that immigrants play an outsize role in the preservation or creation of U.S. jobs—an important measure of community vitality—and make a particularly important impact on the manufacturing sector.  

Black and Immigrant: Exploring the Effects of Ethnicity and Foreign-Born Status on Infant Health

Report Author: 
Tiffany L. Green
Original Date of Publication: 
2012 Sep

Black and Immigrant: Exploring the Effects of Ethnicity and Foreign-Born Status on Infant Health challenges earlier research suggesting "superior" birth outcomes among immigrant mothers when compared to their native born counterparts. Most immigrant birth-outcome studies were based on data derived primarily from Mexican immigrant mothers.

Discharge, Deportation and Dangerous Journeys: A Study on the Practice of Medical Repatriation

Report Author: 
Pyo Lee, Erica Sibley, Todd Tolin and Sarah Vader Woud
Original Date of Publication: 
2012 Dec

Discharge, Deportation and Dangerous Journeys: A Study on the Practice of Medical Repatriation reviews almost 1,000 cases of forced or coerced medical repatriation, defined as the decision of a hospital to return a critically injured or ill immigrant patient back to his/her native country without consent. Often, the quality of care available to these patients is inferior, family members and support networks are missing, and patients suffer and die.

Promoting Appropriate Use of Physicians' Non-English Language Skills in Clinical Care: Recommendations for policymakers, organizations and clinicians

Report Author: 
Marsha Regenstein, Ellie Andres and Matthew Wynia
Original Date of Publication: 
2013 Feb

Produced by the Commission to End Health Care Disparities, an umbrella group consisting of more than 70 state and specialty medical societies, Promoting Appropriate Use of Physicians' Non-English Language Skills in Clinical Care seeks to improve the quality of communication and care given by bilingual physicians, who may have varying levels of ability in one or more non-English languages.

Maximizing Health Care Reform for New York's Immigrants

Report Author: 
New York Immigration Coalition, Empire Justice Center and NYS Health Foundation
Original Date of Publication: 
2013 Feb

Maximizing Health Care Reform for New York's Immigrants contains a set of recommendations on how New York can maximize the inclusion of immigrants in health care reform. The authors also devote special attention to immigrants left out of federal reform. The paper is divided into five major sections: eligibility of non-citizens to participate in New York's Health Benefit Exchange; documentation and verification requirements; marketing and outreach to immigrant communities; community input and monitoring; and maintaining safety net services for the residual uninsured population.