Civil Rights

Looking Past the Label: An Analysis of the Measures Underlying ‘Sanctuary Cities'

Report Author: 
James Rice
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

One important premise underlying this study is that federal immigration law is "under-enforced" and that local law enforcement may serve as a "force multiplier," so long as the mission of local law enforcement is not compromised in the process. The author also argues that the term "sanctuary city" creates more confusion than clarity, as it encompasses a variety of measures each of which should be argued on its own merits.

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Other

Imprisoned Justice: Inside Two Georgia Immigrant Detention Centers

Report Author: 
Center for Immigrants' Rights, Penn State Law
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

The United States has steadily expanded its use of immigrant detention from about 30 detained immigrants per day prior to 1980 to 41,000 in 2016. Now the world's largest immigrant detention system, it relies heavily on for-profit facilities, with 72 percent of immigration detention beds located in for-profit facilities in 2015 compared to only seven percent of imprisoned non-immigrants in 2014.

Source Organization: 
Other

Welcome to Work? Legal Migration Pathways for Low-Skilled Workers

Report Author: 
Kathleen Newland & Andrea Riester
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

This brief explores the international migration opportunities available to low-skilled workers, the constraints on their movement and the development impacts of these patterns. Permanent admissions programs for low-skilled labor are rare. However, a number of trends in Western industrialized countries have combined to create high demand for low-skilled workers to fill temporary and longer-term jobs. Some of this demand may be met indirectly, through family reunification or humanitarian admissions, but currently most programs for the admission of low-skilled workers are temporary programs.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Do Human Capital Decisions Respond to the Returns to Education? Evidence from DACA

Report Author: 
Elira Kuka et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

This paper suggests that the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program had a significant impact on young undocumented immigrants' decision-making. The paper highlights increases in high school attendance and high school graduation rates, increased pursuit of postsecondary education, and greater workforce participation by those pursuing education, as well as decreased teen fertility rates. The study draws on data from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, the Youth Risk Behavior Factor Surveillance Survey, and a California Department of Education dataset.

Source Organization: 
Other

Municipal Suffrage, Sanctuary Cities, and the Contested Meaning of Citizenship

Report Author: 
Kenneth Stahl
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Adapted from his forthcoming book, The Democratic City: Local Citizenship in the Time of Globalization, this blog post by Kenneth Stahl examines how differing rules regarding suffrage at the local and federal level suggest the existence of different models of citizenship. For example, while San Francisco, Chicago and a few municipalities in Maryland grant non-citizens the right to vote in certain local elections, these individuals are barred from voting in state and federal elections.

Source Organization: 
Other

Immigration policies and mental health morbidity among Latinos: A state-level analysis

Report Author: 
Hatzenbuehler, M.L., Prins, S.J., Flake, M., Philbin, M., Frazer, M.S., Hagen, D., & Hirsch, J.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Feb

Social workers understand the importance of analyzing their client in the context of their environment. Macro structures (e.g. policy) have a direct impact on the mental health disparities and vulnerabilities of Latino populations. According to research by Hatzenbuehler et al. (2017), Latinos living in environments with exclusionary immigration policies and climates have significantly higher rates of poor mental health days than Latinos in less exclusionary environments.

Source Organization: 
Other

Defending criminal(ized) aliens after Padilla: Toward a more holistic public immigration defense in the era of crimmigration

Report Author: 
Andres Dae Keun Kwon
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 May

In 2010 under Padilla v. Kentucky, the Supreme Court issued that criminal defense attorneys, including public defenders, must advise their clients about the potential immigration implications of their criminal case. In response, many legal firms began hiring immigration experts to supplement their legal team. In 1997, the trailblazing Bronx Defenders (BxD), a legal firm offering free legal counsel, adopted a holistic approach to legal services.

Source Organization: 
Other

Immigration and the War on Crime: Law and Order Politics and the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996

Report Author: 
Patrisia Macías-Rojas
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

This study focuses on events leading up to the passage of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) of 1996 that recast undocumented immigration as a crime and fused immigration enforcement with crime control. The author suggests that the act may have had less to do with immigration and more to do with "crime politics and the policies of mass incarceration" that dominated the national discourse in the 25 years preceding passage of the act.

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Source Organization: 
Other

What We Know and Need to Know About Immigrant Access to Justice

Report Author: 
Ellinor R. Jordan
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Oct

This article begins by presenting a review of research on the impact of legal representation in removal cases. A consistent finding is that the amount and quality of representation play a marked role in the outcome of hearings. Litigants without representation or with poor representation are much more likely to be removed and moreover, to not fully understand the implications of pleas and agreements they may make. The author suggests that in addition to poor outcomes for litigants, this situation reduces the overall efficiency of the justice system.

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Source Organization: 
Other

DREAM Act-Eligible Poised to Build on the Investments Made in Them

Report Author: 
Donald Kerwin and Robert Warren
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Political debate has intensified over "Dreamers" -- immigrants who were brought to the United States as children without authorization. In this paper, Donald Kerwin and Robert Warren from the Center for Migration Studies argue that granting Dreamers a path to citizenship would capitalize on the educational investments already made in them and boost their already high economic productivity.

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Other

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